PRP injection for face and skin involves using the patient’s own blood products. The physician performing PRP collects a small blood sample – about 2 teaspoons – from the patient then processes the blood to collect platelets. The process involves spinning the blood in a centrifuge to separate the blood into its components. Specifically, the centrifuge separates plasma and platelets from the rest of the blood.
Plasma is the growth factor rich component of the blood. Platelets are small, colorless disk-shaped cell fragments. Their main job is to clump together to help blood clot and prevent excessive bleeding, but platelets also release substances that promote tissue repair. Platelets release growth factors, for example, which stimulate the growth, survival, and repair of cells. Clinicians have been utilizing PRP injections to deliver growth factors directly to damaged cells in patients since 1999. PRP injections are now utilized for face, neck, under eyes, scalp, arthritis, and various other treatment areas.
Platelet cells are the body’s natural response to soft tissue injury, which makes PRP the most efficient and effective treatment for facial rejuvenation. Platelet cells contain growing and healing factors, so they initiate the repair of damaged and aging skin. PRP injections deliver these platelets directly into the affected area, thereby ensuring the success of PRP therapy every time.
The platelets in the PRP injection also attract stem cells, which are special cells in the body that have the unique ability to become any type of cell and promote the growth of healthy new cells. Stem cells are able to turn into skin cells, for example, which mean PRP injections stimulate the regeneration of healthy skin cells.
Platelets also stimulate the production of collagen, which is a type of protein that provides structure and elasticity to the skin and other tissues within the body. Collagen production decreases with age; loss of collagen in the skin causes wrinkles, sagging skin, and other visible signs of aging.